Individual decision to work
“Decision making is the thought process of selecting a logical choice from available options”.
Decision making without a group’s input or a decision made regardless of the group’s opinion is, naturally an individual decision.
When trying to make a good decision a person must weigh the positives and negatives of each option, and consider all alternatives.
For effective decision making, a person must be able to forecast the outcome of each option as well, and based on all these items, determine which option is the best for that particular situation.
This is the most traditional decision making-approach and can work effectively for a manager when the group’s input is not required.
Factors affecting individual decision to work
1] Ability and capacity to work.
2] Willingness to work.
3] Motivation and enthusiasm.
4] Desire to achieve some goals.
5] Remuneration packages.
Some business operate with a high emphasis on individual decision making, while others focus on collaboration and group decision-making processes.
Advantages of individual decision making
An individual can make quicker decisions than a group can but the information used to make that decision is limited to that one person and his/her perspective on the issue.
Individual decision making can increase efficiency, since there is only one person analysing the situation and making the judgement. The efficiency also means less time and expense goes into the decision.
If the manager or the decision maker is the highest authority on the situation, the best decision may result without influence of others.
Also one person assumes accountability for the results of the decision.
Disadvantages of individual decision making
However, it can also be negative, as, again, we have one person making a decision without potentially obtaining feedback from the others.
Individual decisions sometimes may not be appropriate
Leaving big decisions to a single individual does not take into account the perspectives and ideas of others.
The decision maker may act impulsively or fails to explore all angles in a decision. Thus what is gained in efficiency may be lost in effectiveness.
An individual, especially one who is in power or who stands to gain financially, may have conflicts of interest in his decision.