Labour Legislations and its impact on individual supply of labour

The following acts have been enacted to promote the conditions of labour and to regulate the relations between the employer and employee keeping in view the development of industry and national economy.

1] The Apprentices Act

2] The Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act

3] The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act.

4] The Children (Pledging of Labour) Act.

5] The Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act.

6] The Employees Provident Fund and Misc Provisions Act.

7] The Employees State Insurance Act.

8] The employers Liability Act.

9] The Employment Exchange (Compulsory Notification of Vacancies) Act.

10] The Equal Remuneration Act.

11] The Factories Act.

12] The Industrial Disputes Act.

13] The Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act.

14] The Inter-state Migrant workmen (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act.

15] The Labour Laws (Exemption from Furnishing Returns and Maintaining Registers by Certain Establishments) Act.

16] The Maternity Benefits Act.

17] The Minimum Wages Act.

18] The Payment of Bonus Ac.

19] The Mines Act

20]. The Payment of Gratuity Act.

21] The Payment Of Wages Act.

22] The Sales Promotion Employees (Conditions of Service) Act.

23] The Shops and Establishments Act.

24] The Trade Union Act.

25] The Workmen’s Compensation Act.

26] The Weekly Holidays Act.

Since independence both legislations and public opinion have done a lit, to better the conditions of workers. At the same time it is the duty of the workers and their organisation’s to improve the work efficiency and help in securing better production resulting in better profits. Prosperity of the industry should be shared by the management with the workers and the community at large. Workers are the dominant partners in the industrial undertakings and without their cooperation, good work, discipline, integrity and character, the industry will not be able to produce effective results or profits. If the human element refuses to cooperate, the industry will fail to run. Therefore the profit of the industry must be shared between employers, workers and the community.

The Government and the factory owner must completely understand the labour psychology and a change in their outlook and attitude is desired to secure the industrial peace. Nothing should be done under threat or coercion but on a clear understanding that whatever is good and due to the labourer must be given. Industry owners should treat the workers as co-partners. Workers in the country must understand fully that if they desire to secure their due place in the industrial world they must think more in terms of responsibilities and duties. Sabotage and violence of all kinds, betterness in thought, word and deed must be eschewed. An improvement in labour regulations will provide an opportunity to accelerate manufacturing growth and development of the nation.

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